photo by Wenjie, Zhang via Flickr
Japanese rock gardens or Zen gardens have been around since the 8th century where they served as a place to meditate and search for the meaning of life. They can be recognized by their raked gravel or sand which symbolizes water ripples and great planning goes into what rocks are selected and where they are placed.
There are strict rules to be followed when it comes to designing a Japanese rock garden, with the main focus being on creating a harmonious composition. Rocks vary in color, shape, and size and mustn’t be overly flashy or colorful so as to distract the viewer from the overall picture.
No Japanese rock garden captivates visitors more than the 15th century Ryōan-ji, located in Kyoto. Also known as the Temple of the Peaceful Dragon, the garden measures no larger than a tennis court. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Ryōan-ji is classified as one of the finest extant dry landscape gardens and is defined by its 15 stones set amongst patterns of small polished white river rocks.
The Meaning of Ryōan-ji
Photo by Andrew Smith via Flickr
When one thinks of the word garden they may picture lush vegetation, but the only green you will see here is a small amount of moss around the clusters of larger stones. Although there are no plants to care for, the garden still requires great care. Monks set out each day to rake and maintain the design of the gardens.
You may not be able to stop and smell the roses in this garden but the idea is somewhat a similar one. The garden’s main function is to incite meditation and is open to interpretation as to what it truly represents. Ryōan-ji has always been somewhat of a mystery, its designer and their thoughts unknown to this day.
No matter what angle the garden is viewed at, it is said that only 14 of the 15 stones are visible to the naked eye. Only through enlightenment can one experience all 15 stones at once. As for the stones which can be seen, some people see the rock clusters as islands while others view them as swimming tigers or even forming a branching tree from certain angles. Because there isn’t a defined meaning to the garden, it is up to the visitor to decide what he or she takes away from the experience. That may have been the designer’s intent all along.
The Temple Grounds
Photo by John Gillespie via Flickr
Most visitors will be strictly focused on the Temple’s rock garden but the surrounding grounds are equally impressive. Although the garden may be void of vegetation, ponds, and hills, the surrounding grounds offers hiking trails and a scenic pond with a bridge which leads to a shrine topped island. Surrounding the garden is an earthen wall outlined by cherry blossoms in the spring and fiery foliage in the fall.
After viewing the gardens via the Hojo viewing platform, visitors can grab some delicious Japanese cuisine in one of the local restaurant’s beautiful tatami rooms.
Tips for Visiting
Photo by np&djjewell via Flickr
The Ryōan-ji Temple is located at 13 Ryoanji-Goryo-no-Sita-cho, Ukyo-ku, Kyoto City and can be easily accessed by public transportation.
Traveling by Bus
From JR or Kintetsu “Kyoto station”: Take the city bus 50 to Ritsumeikan daigaku-mae stop. From here it is a 7-minute walk to the temple.
From Hankyu Railway “Omiya station”: Take the city bus 55 to Ritsumeikan daigaku-mae stop. From here it is a 7-minute walk to the temple.
From Keihan Railway “Sanjyo station”: Take the city bus 59 to “Ryoanji-mae” stop.
Traveling by Train
Take Keifuku Kitano Line to “Ryoanji”. From the station, it is a 7-minute walk to the temple.
Mar- Nov: 8:00 – 17:00, Dec-Feb: 8:30 – 16:30
500 JPY for Adults and 300 JPY for Juniors aged 15 and under.
You are asked to remove your shoes before entering, where you can then safely store them in cubbies. To enhance your experience you should plan on arriving early or late to beat the crowds, making meditation easier. Head to the Temple during the spring hanami season to witness the stunning cherry blossoms or during autumn which will provide you with an equally impressive landscape of vibrant fall foliage.
Photo by Andrew Smith via Flickr
Today’s fast-paced world has a tendency to keep your mind focused on everything except what is truly important in life. Visiting a rock garden such as Ryōan-ji will allow your mind a chance to declutter for a bit. It is also easy to find ourselves having to deal with stress on a daily basis, which if left unchecked can result in harmful effects to our overall mental and physical well being.
You will find many visitors to Ryōan-ji will get lost in thought for hours. It is quite incredible that such a simple garden can have such a positive impact on visitors. Although Ryōan-ji must remain in Kyoto, you can easily implement the experience into your daily life upon returning home. Create your own Zen garden or simply visualize one in your head. Having a place to find relaxation and calm will allow you to better manage stress that can find its ways into your daily life.